Cybersecurity and Digital Transformation in Legislative Institutions: Challenges and Solutions
About the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. Written on September, 2021
In the realm of legislative digital transformation, cybersecurity plays an increasingly critical role. The digitalisation of national legislative processes provides an array of advantages, but these benefits come with potentially grave cybersecurity risks. As digital solutions become embedded in legislative institutions, it is crucial to understand the threats that these entities face and how they can navigate the digital world securely.
Cybersecurity Threats to Legislative Institutions
National legislative institutions, both in their traditional and digitally-transformed states, are high-value targets for various actors, including state and non-state entities. They may become victims of cyber-attacks for a range of reasons, whether for ideological motives, political disruption, or monetary gain. Importantly, any disruption to the legislative process, such as a delay in a vote due to a cyber-attack, could have severe political and social implications. Furthermore, the repercussions of a cyber-attack on a political institution are arguably much higher than those on a private entity due to the potential societal impact.